Bac Ninh is regarded as the realm of cultural activities and is a place where traditional folk culture flourished. Most of villages possess their own festivals, some of which are popular to everyone, both local and foreign tourists. Every year, thousands of people go to Bac Ninh Province to enjoy the festive spirit. Do you want to find out more about these festivals? What makes so many people find their way to Bac Ninh? Here is the list of 15 festivals in Bac Ninh Province for you, check it out!
1. Phat Tich Pagoda Festival (4th – 5th of the 1st Lunar month)
The pagoda was built in the reign of Ly Thanh Tong King (the 11th century). It is a special ancient architecture. The festival is organized in commemorating the merit of Ly Thanh Tong King. It is also an opportunity for pilgrims to have offering ceremony, worship Buddha, listen to prayer, pray for peace and happiness, and at the same time sightseeing around the remains and the landscapes of the Kinh Bac area.
2. Do Temple Festival (15th – 19th of the 3rd Lunar month)
The festival takes place from the 14th to the 16th days of the third lunar month. Legend has it that the 15th day of the third lunar month was the coronation of King Ly Cong Uan. Later generations chose the day as a common festival to pay homage to kings of the Ly Dynasty.
According to customs in Dinh Bang Village, a chief officiant appointed to administer the festival. The person then presents himself to the genie in a set of solemn rituals and votive offerings including a drum, a platter of betel, and a small bottle of wine.
Residential groups, mass organizations and local authorities administer the festival. Pieces of work are assigned according to ages and kinds of person. On festival days, they have to fulfill their assigned tasks.
On the 14th, preparatory work finishes. Those appointed for such posts as the King’s bodyguards (the tuong), flag holders or palanquin carriers have prepared their costumes and equipment. Others have to clean the road, pagoda and temple.
The palanquin procession takes place on the afternoon of the 14th day, starting from Do Temple to Dan Pagoda, where prayers will be read. This ritual aims to take kings Ly to the place where the founder of the dynasty was born and grew up and pay gratitude to those who brought him up and gods and Buddhist spirits at the pagoda. After that, the king’s mother is taken to the temple for the coronation.
3. Dong Ho Painting Village Festival (4th – 7th of the 1st lunar month)
This festival is yearly hold from 4th to 7th of the 1st lunar month at Dong Ho Communal House. The festival describes the characteristics of Dong Ho skilled painting village. This occasion also offer a chance for village people to sell their native products and folk paintings at communal house. Most of tourists coming to this festival are generous to buy these products and paintings for their relatives and friends.
4. Lim Festival (13th day of the first lunar month)
Lim Festival falls between 12th and 14th of Lunar Calendar in the District of Tien Du, Bac Ninh province. Tonkin is the land with a huge fame of folk tales, legends and antique vestiges. Consequently, Bac Ninh, a city in the middle of Tonkin, has gained a big reputation for traditional festivals.
The date of 13th would be chosen as the main time over the process of the festival. Started with a big parade, the ritual attracts thousands of people in classic traditional costumes, with shining colors forming up a long line reaching nearly a kilometer. The biggest important activity out of all the rituals would be singing an honor song. All the village elders and notables need to assemble in front of the temple to make an offer to the deity, one of which is a ritual of sing Quan Ho. During this time, male and female singers are queuing in two paralleled lines, face to face and giving out grateful and admirable music lines to offer the inventor of Quan Ho folk singing.
5. Ba Chua Kho Temple Festival (14th day of the first lunar month)
The event is held on the 14th day of the first lunar month in Co Me Village, Vu Ninh Commune, Bac Ninh Province to worship Ba Chua Kho (The Queen of Stock) and four gods: Thien phu, Dia phu, Thuy phu, and Nhac phu.
The festival includes incense offering ceremony, custom of borrowing money from her (only symbolizing) to pray for property and good luck.
6. Bo Son Festival (9th to the 12th day of the first lunar month)
Place: Bo Village, Khac Niem Commune, Tien Du District, Bac Ninh Province.
Characteristics:Inviting cha (neighbour villages) to attend the festival.It involves ritual songs, giao duyen singing.
7. Bui Village Festival (the 28th day of the first lunar month)
Place: Bui Village, Yen Phong District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Buddha.
Characteristics: Worship Buddha and sing quan ho songs on boats.
8. Dai Bai Festival (The 29th day of the ninth lunar month)
Place: Dai Bai Commune, Gia Binh District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Nguyen Cong Truyen – the ancestor of bronze casting and silver carving.
Characteristics: Head of families bring bronze and silver carving products to offer to the altar; incense offering to the ancestor, incense burning ceremony of people of the same age (49 years old), a daosinging, throwing and vying for bong tree.
9. Dai Than Village Festival (10th day of the third lunar month)
Place: Dai Than Village, Cao Duc Commune, Gia Binh District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Cao Lo, talented general of An Duong Vuong.
Characteristics:God procession of 7 villages which together worship Cao Lo and hold boat race on Luc Dau River.
10. Dau Festival (18th day of the third lunar month)
Place: Mo Dao Commune, Que Vo District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Mr. Binh, a general of the 18th Hung King.
Characteristics:Big procession, kite flying contest.
11. Dau Pagoda Festival (The 8th day of the fourth lunar month)
Place: Thanh Khuong Commune, Thuan Thanh District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Mother Buddha Man Nuong and four her daughters: Phap Van (Cloud – Lady Dau – worshipped in Dau Pagoda), Phap Vu (Rain – Lady Dau – worshipped in Thanh Dao), Phap Loi (Thunder – Lady Tuong – worshipped in Phi Tuong Pagoda), Phap Dien (Light – Lady Dan – worshipped in Phuong Quan Pagoda).
Characteristics: Great procession, dragon dance.
12. Diem Village Festival (The 15th day of the second lunar month)
Place: Viem Xa Village, Hoa Long Commune, Yen Phong District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Vua Ba – the ancestor of quan ho folk songs.
Characteristics: quan cau dao singing, quan ho trum dau singing, and game of vieing for water ball.
13. Dinh Bang Communal House Festival (14th to the 15th day of the second lunar month)
Place: Dinh Bang Communal House, Dinh Bang Commune, Tu Son District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Mountain Genie, Water Genie, Agriculture Genie and 6 devine men who had merit of re-establishing the village after being destroyed by Minh enemy.
Characteristics: Sacrifice-offering ceremony, wrestling, cock fighting.
14. Huu Chat Village Festival (9th day of the first lunar month)
Place: Hoa Long Commune, Yen Phong District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Truong Hong, Truong Hat.
Characteristics:Quan ho folk songs, tug of war playing.
15. Kham Festival (7th day of the fourth lunar month)
Place: Ngoc Kham Village, Gia Dong Commune, Thuan Thanh District, Bac Ninh Province.
Objects of worship: Three tutelary gods: Lac Long Quan, Tri Son (Mountain Genie), Tri Thuy (Water Genie).
Characteristics: Lac Long Quan’s procession to the communal house, Tutelary God council, sacrifices to pray for good crops, and for welcoming the first rain of the rainy season.